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    Exam AZ-304: Microsoft Azure Architect Design

    Candidates for this exam should have subject matter expertise in designing and implementing solutions that run on Microsoft Azure, including aspects like compute, network, storage, and security. Candidates should have intermediate-level skills for administering Azure. Candidates should understand Azure development and DevOps processes.

    Responsibilities for an Azure Solution Architect include advising stakeholders and translating business requirements into secure, scalable, and reliable cloud solutions.

    An Azure Solution Architect partners with cloud administrators, cloud DBAs, and clients to implement solutions.

    A candidate for this exam should have advanced experience and knowledge of IT operations, including networking, virtualization, identity, security, business continuity, disaster recovery, data platform, budgeting, and governance–this role should manage how decisions in each area affect an overall solution. In addition, this role should have expert-level skills in Azure administration and have experience with Azure development and DevOps processes.

    Course Outline

    Design for cost optimization

    • recommend a solution for cost management and cost reporting
    • recommend solutions to minimize costs

    Design a solution for logging and monitoring

    • determine levels and storage locations for logs
    • plan for integration with monitoring tools including Azure Monitor and Azure Sentinel
    • recommend appropriate monitoring tool(s) for a solution
    • choose a mechanism for event routing and escalation
    • recommend a logging solution for compliance requirements

    Design authentication

    • recommend a solution for single-sign on
    • recommend a solution for authentication
    • recommend a solution for Conditional Access, including multi-factor authentication
    • recommend a solution for network access authentication
    • recommend a solution for a hybrid identity including Azure AD Connect, Azure AD

    Connect cloud sync and Azure AD Connect Health

    • recommend a solution for user self-service
    • recommend and implement a solution for B2B integration

    Design authorization

    • choose an authorization approach
    • recommend a hierarchical structure that includes management groups, subscriptions and
      resource groups
    • recommend an access management solution including RBAC policies, access reviews,
      role assignments, Privileged Identity Management (PIM), Azure AD Identity Protection,
      Just In Time (JIT) access

    Design governance

    • recommend a strategy for tagging
    • recommend a solution for using Azure Policy
    • recommend a solution for using Azure Blueprints
    • recommend a solution that leverages Azure Resource Graph

    Design security for applications

    • recommend a solution that includes Key Vault
    • recommend a solution that includes Managed Identities
    • recommend a solution for integrating applications into Azure AD

    Design a solution for databases

    • select an appropriate data platform based on requirements
    • recommend database service tier sizing
    • recommend a solution for database scalability
    • recommend a solution for encrypting data at rest, data in transmission, and data in use

    Design data integration

    • recommend a data flow to meet business requirements
    • recommend a solution for data integration, including Azure Data Factory, Azur Databricks, Azure Data Lake, Azure Synapse Analytics

    Select an appropriate storage account

    • choose between storage tiers
    • recommend a storage access solution
    • recommend storage management tools

    Design a solution for backup and recovery

    • recommend a recovery solution for Azure hybrid and on-premises workloads that meets
      recovery objectives (RTO, RLO, RPO)
    • design and Azure Site Recovery solution
    • recommend a solution for recovery in different regions
    • recommend a solution for geo-redundancy of workloads
    • recommend a solution for Azure Backup management
    • design a solution for data archiving and retention

    Design for high availability

    • recommend a solution for application and workload redundancy, including compute,
      database, and storage
    • recommend a solution for autoscaling
    • identify resources that require high availability
    • identify storage types for high availability

    Design a compute solution

    • recommend a solution for compute provisioning
    • determine appropriate compute technologies, including virtual machines, App Services,
      Service Fabric, Azure Functions, Azure Virtual Desktop, Batch, HPC and containers
    • recommend a solution for containers
    • recommend a solution for automating compute management

    Design a network solution

    • recommend a network architecture (hub and spoke, Virtual WAN)
    • recommend a solution for network addressing and name resolution
    • recommend a solution for network provisioning
    • recommend a solution for network security including Private Link, firewalls, gateways,
      network segmentation (perimeter networks/DMZs/NVAs)
    • recommend a solution for network connectivity to the Internet, on-premises networks,
      and other Azure virtual networks
    • recommend a solution for automating network management
    • recommend a solution for load balancing and traffic routing

    Design an application architecture

    • recommend a microservices architecture including Event Grid, Event Hubs, Service Bus,
      Azure Queue Storage, Logic Apps, Azure Functions, Service Fabric, AKS, Azure App
      Configuration and webhooks
    • recommend an orchestration solution for deployment and maintenance of applications
      including ARM templates, Azure Automation, Azure Pipelines, Logic Apps, or Azure
      Functions
    • recommend a solution for API integration

    Design migrations

    • assess and interpret on-premises servers, data, and applications for migration
    • recommend a solution for migrating applications and VMs
    • recommend a solution for migration of databases
    • determine migration scope, including redundant, related, trivial, and outdated data
    • recommend a solution for migrating data (Storage Migration Service, Azure Data Box,
      Azure File Sync-based migration to hybrid file server)

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